Abortion of Early pregnancy
Abortion is a safe and legal way to end a pregnancy. There are two methods of abortion available to women in the first trimester of pregnancy. A medication abortion (also called medical abortion or abortion with pills) involves taking medicines to end a pregnancy. An aspiration abortion (also called surgical or suction abortion) is a procedure that uses medical instruments in the vagina and uterus to remove the pregnancy. The information below compares the two methods.
Medication Abortion: Up to ten weeks from the first day of your last period.
Aspiration Abortion: Up to 12 weeks from the first day of your last period.
Medication Abortion: Generally, the abortion pill (mifepristone) is taken in person at the clinic or at a doctor’s office. Most women feel fine after taking mifepristone, though some experience nausea. At home, 6 to 72 hours later, a second pill, misoprostol, is taken bucally (placed in your cheek to dissolve) or vaginally, as instructed by your healthcare provider.
The abortion starts one to four hours after taking the misoprostol. Heavy bleeding and cramps last for a couple of hours. You will have a follow-up appointment about a week later to be sure the abortion is complete.
Aspiration Abortion: The abortion takes place in the clinic or office. The actual abortion procedure takes five to 10 minutes. A physician uses medical instruments in your vagina and uterus to remove the pregnancy. A return visit is required only if you experience problems, or if you would like to see a healthcare provider.